It’s Krause’s birthday!
Karl Friedrich Theodor Krause (15 December 1797 – 8 June 1868 ) is a german anatomist from Hanover. Accessory tear glands in the eyes are named after him, Krause’s glands. These are small mucous acinous glands. Further, they are situated between the conjunction of the upper and lower lid conjunctiva. And they are approx 40 in the upper lid and 6 or 8 in the lower lid. These glands produce tears that are secreted onto the conjunctiva.
He was the first physician to describe the transverse perineal ligament. Certainly, it is the thickened anterior border of the urogenital diaphragm.
His son was also an anatomist, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Krause (12 July 1833 – 4 February 1910). In 1892, people at Anatomical Institute Laboratory appointed him as the head of the lab. Below mentioned are the three eponyms under his name.
These are sensory receptors for the sensation of cold on the limbus, conjunctiva, skin and tongue. Sometimes referred to as “Krause’s end bulbs”
Krause ‘s membranes:
These are defined as isotropic bands in striated muscle fibre that consist of disks of sarcoplasm and connect the individual fibrils. Also known as Z-Disc or Dobie’s line.
Krause respiratory bundle:
A slender compact fibre bundle that is also known as the “solitary tract”. It is referred to as “Gierke respiratory bundle”, coined in honour of anatomist Hans Paul Bernhard Gierke.
Fun fact: Bacteriologist Robert Koch was Wilhelm Krause’s student at Gottingen
Read about “Alexander- The doctor who was shot by his patient“